Restoration of hornbill habitats

Habitat destruction is a huge threat for hornbills. Much of the foothill forests outside the Pakke Tiger Reserve, have been destroyed by logging. With the Restoration programme, we hope to bring back some of these lost hornbill habitats and secure the future of these birds and other wildlife in Pakke. 

  • Saplings ready to be planted in the Pakke Jungle Camp

  • The team excited after a long day of planting saplings around a Great hornbill nest tree

  • Saplings ready to be planted in the nursery

  • Canarium strictum

  • Chukrasia tabularis

The Restoration Project

Hornbills and the forests they inhabit share an intricate mutualistic relationship. The birds depend on these forests for fruits and to nest and roost. They in turn are extremely important for the health of the forest, dispersing up to 10,000 seeds per day per sq. km. The forests outside the Pakke Tiger Reserve face tremendous destruction from activities such as logging. The long term survival of hornbills and other wildlife in Pakke can thus only be ensured if their habitats are brought back.

In 2013, we set up a rainforest nursery in the Lower Seijosa village, near the Pakke Tiger Reserve with the goal of raising rainforest tree species (particularly hornbill food plants and economically important plants) and using them to revive degraded rainforests around the area. We have now raised over 3000 saplings of 40 tree species, aimed at restoring degraded forest patches inside and outside the Tiger Reserve.

Newly 20sown 20seeds

Our rainforest nursery in the Lower Seijosa Village, Pakke

Planting hornbill habitats

Since May 2016, we have begun planting. The saplings are currently being planted:

  • Around hornbill nest sites in the RF 
  • In the campus of the Pakke Jungle Camp- an eco-tourism venture started by the local community
  • Anti-poaching camps in the Tippi Range of Pakke TR
  • In degraded forest patches around villages. Several residents from the villages around Pakke wished to be part of the initiative and restore forest patches around their homes. They have been provided several rainforest saplings including economically important species like the Toko palm ((Livistona jenkinsiana) to plant.

Saplings ready to be planted around the Pakke Jungle Camp



  • The Serenity Trust
  • Whitley Fund for Nature

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